_ME ZAI FARU IDAN TASHAR NUKILIYAR ZAPORIZHZHIA TA FASHE

0
23

 

Duk da cewa fashewar ba abune mai yuwuwa ba, masana sun ce abin da yafi daukar hankali shine kwararar radiation da ka iya zuwa sakamakon yakin Rasha da Ukraine.

Hukumar kula da makamashin nukiliya ta kasa da kasa (IAEA) tayi gargadi game da harin da aka kai a cibiyar makamashin nukiliyar Zaporizhzhia dake karkashin ikon Rasha a Ukraine, tana mai cewa halin da ake ciki nada babban hadari kuma zai iya haifar da “bala’in nukiliya”.

Dukansu Rasha da Ukraine sun zargi juna da kai hari kan masana’antar da kuma “ta’addancin nukiliya”, IAEA ta bukaci “kare kusa da wurin.

“Ga abin da muka sani zuwa yanzu game da lamarin.

Ina tashar makamashin nukiliya ta Zaporizhzhia kuma me yasa take da mahimmanci?

Cibiyar makamashin nukiliya ta Zaporizhzhia ita ce mafi girma shuka a Turai kuma a cikin 10 mafi girma a duniya; tana samar da rabin makamashin nukiliyar da aka samu daga Ukraine.

Kamfanin yana da jimillar ƙarfin megawatts 6,000, wanda yake samarwa kusan gidaje miliyan huɗu wutar lantarki.

Tana cikin kudancin Ukraine a kan kogin Dnieper, kimanin kilomita 550 (mil 342) kudu maso gabashin babban birnin Ukraine, Kyiv, kuma kusan kilomita 525 (mil 325) kudu da Chernobyl, wurin da aka yi hatsarin tashar nukiliya mafi muni a duniya a 1986.

A halin yanzu, ma’aikatan Ukrainian ne ke gudanar da wannan shuka amma sassan sojan Rasha suna gadin ginin.

A cewar hukumar ta IAEA, masana’antar tana da injinan sanyaya ruwa guda shida da Tarayyar Soviet ta kera masu dauke da uranium 235, kowanne daga cikinsu yana da karfin megawatt 950. Megawatt na iya aiki zai samar da makamashi ga gidaje 400 zuwa 900 a cikin shekara guda.

Ita ma shukar Zaporizhzhia tana da tazarar kilomita 200 (mil 125) daga Crimea, wadda Rasha ta mamaye a shekarar 2014.

A ranar Talata, ma’aikacin Ukraine Energoatom tace sojojin Rasha da suka mamaye yankin suna shirye-shiryen “haɗa tashar zuwa tashar wutar lantarki ta Crimea”.

Michael Black, darektan Cibiyar Injiniya ta Nukiliya a Kwalejin Imperial ta Landan, ya shaida wa manema labarai cewa babban abin da ke damun shi shine hada masana’antar da tashar wutar lantarki ta Crimea na iya katse wutar lantarki daga wurin zuwa na’urorin. “Kuna buƙatar wannan ikon don samar da sanyaya ga reactors … Muddin [wadannan janareta] suna aiki, to komai yana da kyau,” in ji shi.

“Abin farin ciki shine ganin cewa Rashawa suna son amfani da wutar lantarki; hakan yana nuna cewa basa son lalata [tashar wutar lantarki],” in ji shi.

 

Me hukumar ta IAEA ta ce?

Rafael Mariano Grossi, darekta-janar na hukumar ta IAEA, ya bayyana lamarin a matsayin “ba a iya sarrafa shi gaba daya” a wata hira da kamfanin dillancin labarai na Associated Press a makon da ya gabata.

“Kowace ka’ida ta kare lafiyar nukiliya an keta ta” a masana’antar, in ji Grossi. “Abin da ke faruwa yana da matukar mahimmanci kuma mai girma da haɗari.”

A yayin tattaunawar, ya ce ba’a mutunta amincin masana’antar kuma an katse hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki, don haka ba a tabbatar da cewa masana’antar tana samun duk abin da take bukata ba, “kuma akwai abubuwa da yawa na nukiliya da za a bincika”.

A cikin wata sanarwa da ya fitar a ranar Talata, Grossi ya ce yana shirin yiwa kwamitin sulhu na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya bayani game da tsaron makamashin nukiliyar a ranar Alhamis da kuma kokarinsa na amincewa da jagorantar tawagar kwararru zuwa wurin da wuri-wuri.

Leave a Reply